How Managers Can Become Leaders


Publication: The Leadership Quarterly, 2016
Article: When managers become leaders: The role of manager network centralities, social power, and followers’ perception of leadership
Reviewed by: Ashlyn Patterson

It is easier said than done, but managers can become leaders. First, imagine you’re a newly appointed manager who has some decision making power and a few direct reports. Although your role as a manager brings with it formal authority, you don’t really feel like a leader yet. What can you do to be seen as more of a leader? What are the important qualities that transform a manager into a leader? Researchers (Chiu, Balkundi, & Weinberg, 2016) recently discovered the role of social networks in determining whether or not managers were perceived as leaders. (more…)

A Snapshot of SIOP 2016 (Pt. 2) – Business Success

Last month, I-O Psychologists convened in sunny California to share the latest cutting-edge research and plot to take over the world.  In both regards, the 31st annual conference of the Society for Industrial Organizational Psychology (SIOP) was a huge success.  

But don’t worry if you didn’t make it, IOatWork is bringing SIOP to you!  We’ve partnered with numerous SIOP presenters, and they’ve provided us with the nitty-gritty on some of the very best presentations, which we now offer to you in a multi-part series.  

So buckle up!  

For the first time ever, SIOP is coming straight into your home or workplace—kind of like a peer-reviewed Kool-Aid Man.  

We hope you enjoy!

A Snapshot of SIOP 2016 Part 2: Business Success from I/O at Work

Harnessing Job Stress to Build Personal Resilience


Publication: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 2016
Article: Building Resilience Through Exposure to Stressors: The Effects of Challenges Versus Hindrances
Reviewed by: Ashlyn Patterson

Resilience means the ability to adapt to adversity. Within the workplace, resilience is beneficial in helping people adapt as organizations go through major changes, such as restructuring, adopting new technology, and mergers/acquisitions. On the day-to-day level, resilience also helps employees manage stress that comes from tight deadlines and changing expectations. Although avoiding stress may seem like a good strategy, resilience is not built by a lack of adversity, but by overcoming adversity. New research (Crane & Searle, 2016) investigates how certain types of workplace stressors make employees more resilient and less likely to experience psychological strain. (more…)

How Employees Develop Passion For Work


Publication: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin (2015)
Article: Finding a Fit or Development It: Implicit Theories About Achieving Passion for Work
Reviewed by: Winnie Jiang

As a new generation enters the workforce, a growing number of people are seeking passion for work. They desire to attain passion, or a strong sense of enjoyment, fulfillment, identification, and motivation from their work. Ample studies have demonstrated that passion for work predicts positive individual and organizational outcomes, including positive affect (or good feelings), lower job burnout, and higher job satisfaction.

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Fantastic Feedback: How to Offer and Solicit Good Advice


Publication: Harvard Business Review
Article: The Art of Giving and Receiving Advice
Reviewed by: Susan Rosengarten

The ability to effectively use feedback or advice is essential to success in all professional roles. Great leaders know that advice is more of an art than a science, and it’s a skill that can be honed and mastered over time and with experience. By opening your mind to alternative viewpoints and encouraging others to do the same, you can encourage smarter decision-making, more linear and logical thinking, and avoid personal and cognitive biases that derail team and organizational success.

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Back to the Drawing Board: Surviving Career Setbacks


Publication: Harvard Business Review
Article: Rebounding from Career Setbacks
Reviewed by: Ashton Reid

Career setbacks can be pretty brutal. When everything seems to be going right, sometimes we are faced with unexpected challenges that change the course of our careers and our lives. So what do you do if you’re laid off, didn’t get promoted, or didn’t make the cut? A new article by Marks, Mirvis, and Ashkenas (2014) has highlighted three scientifically supported steps that you can take:

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How a Sense of Calling Can Affect Career Decisions

What helps determine whether people pursue their sense of “calling”? The advice I always got was, “Work hard, get a respectable job in a stable industry and then pursue your passion on the side.” This shaped my extrinsic motivation, or the type of motivation that comes from outside a person, when pursuing a career. Others take to heart advice from notable public figures like the late Steve Jobs who said, “The only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t settle.” This kind of advice fosters intrinsic motivation, or the type that comes from within a person, when pursuing a career. The pursuit of a career that meets at the intersection of these two approaches would be ideal, but often economic realities deter many. Recently, two researchers sought to understand what influences career decisions when these approaches clash.

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Developmental Job Experience Might Not Be for Everyone

Organizations often give top performing employees developmental job experience in order to prepare them for the next level. These experiences are useful for enhancing managerial skills, and employees with a preference for learning new things are likely to reap more benefits from them. However, research on the benefits of developmental experience shows mixed results.

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Why Organizations Should Invest in Executive Coaching


Publication: Journal of Change Management
Article: The Efficacy of Executive Coaching in Times of Organizational Change
Reviewed by: Sijia Li

Executive coaching has received considerable attention in the academic world in recent years. Articles on this topic have more than tripled since 2006.

But, in comparison to opinion articles, empirical studies have been rare, with few conducted in organizational settings.

In his new research on the subject, Anthony M. Grant evaluated the effects of a coaching program in an international engineering consulting company that had recently gone through multiple disruptive organizational changes.

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Working Abroad- How to Help Employees Weather the Storm


Publication: Academy of Management Journal
Article: Newcomers Abroad: Expatriate adaption during early phases of International assignments.
Reviewed by: Andrew Morris

More and more organizations these days are sending employees on international assignments. This can have many benefits for these organizations, and can be exciting for the individual.

But not everyone proves successful in integrating into foreign cultures, which affects their work and can ultimately lead to major losses for organizations.

(more…)