How to Make the Grade

Topic(s): selection

Topic: Selection
Publication: Medical Education (2011)
Article: Do study strategies predict academic performance in medical school?
Authors: C. West & M. Sadoski
Reviewed By: Scott Charles Sitrin, M.A.

What predicts the academic performance of graduate students? The options are: previous experience as measured by grade point average (GPA), aptitude as measured by a standardized test, or current skill sets as examined by a learning strategy inventory. If you had to choose the most relevant, which would it be?

If you’re feeling sporting, write down your answer and brag to your friends on Facebook about your talent on predicting the predictors of performance.

In their study, Adams & Kuzmits investigated the predictors of academic performance among 106 female and male Texas A&M Medical students. The possible predictors were undergraduate GPA, scores on the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), and scores on the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI). The LASSI assesses ten different characteristics that could affect academic performance, including attitude, anxiety, and among others.

Their outcome measure of academic performance was first-semester grades from the first year of medical school. Time Management and Self-Testing, two subtests of the LASSI, were found to be better predictors of academic performance than aptitude tests and previous academic performance.

It is suspected that the skills of time management and self-testing will predict performance in domains other than academics. Though self-testing could be particular to scholarly settings, the overall process of assessing one’s own capacities is germane to most business ventures.

West, C. & Sadoski, M. (2011). Do study strategies predict academic performance in medical school? Medical Education, 45, 696-703.

human resource management, organizational industrial psychology, organizational management



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