Negative emotions are unfortunately found in most workplaces, and they can threaten the productivity or well-being of employees who have them.
Who do you really want answering that important 3am phone call? Probably not your employee. New organizational theory proposes that constant connectedness or working irregular hours can lead to sleep deprivation. While pushing employees extra hard may seem to initially increase organizational performance, it is certainly no long-term winning strategy.
If you work in a typical cubicle and skip washing your hands, it’s gross, and you might give your coworker a cold. When doctors and nurses don’t wash their hands, it could be deadly. How do job demands and work overload influence the rate at which health-care providers maintain required hygiene standards, and what does this mean for your organization?
Leadership style has a tremendous impact on employee commitment, productivity, and overall organizational success. At the same time, some leaders may be more susceptible to burnout because of how they regulate their emotions. A recent study investigated the relationship between leadership style, emotion regulation strategies, and the likelihood of employee burnout.
You sit down at your desk to start the workday and log in to your work email. “YOU’VE GOT (187 pieces of) MAIL!” You might just have email overload. Besides for being extremely annoying, you might feel pressured to quickly respond to all of these emails. This pressure now has a word: telepressure. Does telepressure make you more productive at work, or can it lead to harmful outcomes ultimately affecting an organization’s bottom line?
We have an aging workforce, and this presents a new set of challenges for I-O psychologists. For example, we need to learn more about what helps people decide between staying on the job or taking early retirement. Interestingly, a new study shows that personal resources, such as health and sense of control, may convince employees that they can still do their jobs. This can lead to fewer absences from work, less disability leave, and even delayed retirement.
Caregivers are people who assume responsibility for helping another person with daily living activities. But many caregivers are also full-time employees. With the increase of caregivers in the workforce, a new study shows how family and supervisor support can influence the mental health outcomes of these caregivers, and lead to improved well-being.
It’s a generally accepted fact that failing to put work aside will eventually exhaust employees. A recent German study published in the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology reveals that exhaustion can actually lead to a lack of mental disengagement from work, especially when employees are under tight timelines and don’t have adequate breaks for leisure activities.
Previous research has investigated expensive top-down interventions for burnout. A new study in the Academy of Management Journal proposes that encouraging employees to use self-reflective job titles can be a cost-effective alternative, as it has been found to effectively reduce emotional exhaustion through increasing self-verification and psychological safety.
A new study suggests that certain personality traits may be able to predict manager burnout. Guess which ones they are.
Grin and bear it. That’s what most of us do. A frustrating customer, a fight with a co-worker, even a slow computer can send blood pressure skyrocketing. We know we must smile and maintain an appropriate workplace demeanor in these situations. But wouldn’t you like to be able actually feel the calm that you project in these vexing moments? Mindfulness training can allow employees to do just that.
Topic: Burnout, Stress, Goals Publication: Journal of Applied Social Psychology Article: The 2×2 model of goal orientation and burnout: The role of approach-avoidance dimensions in predicting burnout Authors: Naidoo, L. J., DeCriscio, A., Bily, H., Manipella, A., Ryan, M., & Youdim, J. Reviewer: Neil Morelli There have been times when
Topic: Burnout Publication: Academy of Management Review (JUL 2012) Article: Catching Falling Stars: A Human Resource Response to Social Capital’s Detrimental Effect of Information Overload on Star Employees Authors: James B. Oldroyd and Shad S. Morris Reviewer: Susan Rosengarten Every organization has its “star employees”—those people whose performance seems to
Topic: Burnout Publication: Journal of Applied Psychology (2012) Article: Job burnout and depression: Unraveling their temporal relationship and considering the role of physical activity Authors: Toker, S., & Biron, M. Reviewed by: Larry Martinez Feeling stressed? Tired? Depressed? Burnt out at your job? Conventional wisdom would suggest that you need
Topic: Burnout, Leadership, Talent Management Publication: The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist (JAN 2012) Article: Accelerating the Development and Mitigating Derailment of High Potentials Through Mindfulness Training Authors: R.A. Lee Reviewed By: Chelsea Rowe High Potential employees (HiPos) are the highly sought after, cream of the crop, high performing, next generation leaders. Senior
Topic: Health & Safety, Organizational Justice, Fairness, Burnout, Stress Publication: Journal of Applied Psychology (2012) Article: Perceived Unfairness and Employee Health: A Meta-Analytic Integration Authors: Robbins, Jordan M.; Ford, Michael T.; Tetrick, Lois E. Reviewed By: Lauren A. Wood, M.S. Practitioners and employers alike have expressed concern around the effects
Topic: Burnout Publication: Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research (2011) Article: EAP utilization patterns and employee absenteeism: Results of an empirical, 3-year longitudinal study in a National Canadian Retail Corporation Authors: Ashley Spetch, Alex Howland, and Rodney L. Lowman Reviewed By: Scott Charles Sitrin, M.A. If time is money, how
Topic: Burnout Publication: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (MAY 2008) Article: Making Choices Impairs Subsequent Self-Control: A Limited-Resource Account of Decision Making, Self-Regulation, and Active Initiative Authors: Kathleen D. Vohs, Roy F. Baumeister, Brandon J. Schmeichel, Jean M. Twenge, Noelle M. Nelson, and Dianne M. Tice Reviewed By: Scott
Topic: Burnout, Engagement
Publication: Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol 79
Article: Social strategies during university studies predict early career work burnout and engagement: 18-year longitudinal study
Authors: Salmela-Aro, K., Tolvanen, A., Nurmi, J. E.
Reviewed by: Larry Martinez
Topic: Health and Safety, Motivation
Publication: Journal of Applied Psychology (JAN 2011)
Article: Safety at Work: A Meta-analytic Investigation of the Link Between Job Demands, Job Resources, Burnout, Engagement, and Safety Outcomes
Authors: Jennifer D. Nahrgang, Frederick P. Morgeson, David A. Hofmann
Reviewed by: Mary Alice Crowe-Taylor
Topic: Emotional Exhaustion; Nonstandard Work Schedules
Publication: Journal of Business and Psychology (WINTER 2010)
Article: Emotional exhaustion among employees without social or client contact: the key role of nonstandard work schedules
Authors: J.L.S. Wittmer, J.E. Martin
Reviewed By: Rebecca Eckart
Publication: Journal of Vocational Behavior (OCT 2010)
Article: Gender Differences in Burnout: A meta-analysis
Authors: R.K. Purvanova; J.P. Muros
Reviewed by: Mary Alice Crowe-Taylor
Topic: Burnout, Wellness, Work-Life Balance
Publication: Journal of Organizational Behavior (JAN 2011)
Article: How long do you benefit from vacation? A closer look at the fade-out of vacation effects
Authors: J. Kuhnel and S. Sonnentag
Reviewed By: Benjamin Granger
Topic: Stress, Burnout, Performance, Fairness, Compensation
Publication: Journal of Organizational Behavior
Article: Emotional exhaustion and job performance: The moderating role of distributive justice and positive affect (AUG 2010)
Author: O. Janssen, C. K. Lam, & X. Huang
Reviewed by: Sarah Teague
Topic: Work Environment, Burnout
Publication: Journal of Applied Psychology (March, 2010)
Article: Contextualizing emotional exhaustion and positive emotional display: The signaling effect of supervisors’ emotional exhaustion and service climate.
Authors: C.K. Lam, X. Huang, & O. Janssen
Reviewed By: Allison Gabriel
Topic: Burnout Publication: Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes (2010) Article: Doing good buffers against feeling bad: Prosocial impact compensates for negative task and self-evaluations. Authors: A.M. Grant, and S. Sonnentag Reviewed By: Benjamin Granger Employee burnout often manifests itself in the form of emotional exhaustion which has been found to
Topic: Burnout, Job Analysis, Job Performance Publication: Journal of Organizational Behavior (OCT 2009) Article: How changes in job demands and resources predict burnout, work engagement, and sickness absenteeism Authors: W.B. Schaufeli, A.B. Bakker, W. Van Rhenen Reviewed By: Benjamin Granger There are many theories that explain the causes and effects of
Topic: Burnout, Turnover Publication: The Journal of Applied Psychology (2008) Article: Early predictors of job burnout and engagement. Blogger: Larry Martinez Burnout refers to a sense of just being ‘over’ one’s job, as in, “I don’t want to do this anymore, I’m burned out.” This is a problem for organizations and